St. Hilary continues his discussion of the ungodly:
Thus, all the counsel of these men is wavering, unsteady, and vague, and wanders about in the same familiar paths and over the same familiar ground, never finding a resting-place, for it fails to reach any definite decision. They have never in their system risen to the doctrine of a Creator of the world, for instead of answering our questions as to the cause, beginning, and duration of the world, whether the world is for man, or man for the world, the reason of death, its extent and nature, they press in ceaseless motion round the circle of this godless argument and find no rest in these imaginings.
One of the things the modern atheist hangs their hat on is science, because science appears to allow them to contradict the criticisms that St. Hilary lays against them in this paragraph. If one pays close attention, however, science still cannot satisfactorily answer these questions.
We can now guess that there was an event that began the universe (generally referred to as the Big Bang) and we can guess that the universe has been around billions of years; however, despite all of the theoretical physics, biology and math that we are now able to use, science has yet to come up with a satisfactory reason for the cause of the universe (save for the idea of intelligent design, which they dismiss out of hand). Humanity, if anything, is increasingly seen as a blight upon creation. They have no reason for death except that it is. These same basic arguments, though now dressed up in physics, biology and math, have basically been the same since St. Hilary.
Indeed, if one wishes to see the ridiculous lengths modern atheists go in order to maintain their world view, I would suggest watching Ben Stein’s documentary on intelligent design and academic freedom Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed. Stein sits down to interview one of the leading atheist advocates, Richard Dawkins, to talk about intelligent design. Dawkins not only states that the idea that aliens created life on earth is more credible than intelligent design, but he’d be willing to consider it.
In other words, despite all of the physics, biology and math we have at our disposal, science still cannot answer cause. Why do we exist? Why is there death? What is our purpose? Science cannot answer these questions. Thus, the ungodly dance around them today, just as they did in the fourth century.